Why should you invest in commercial property in India?

These are uncertain times for all industries and people are reconsidering their investments.

However, even under these circumstances, real estate is still considered a safe haven by many investors.

Also, the property rates have reached the affordable mark for many and developers are rolling out several deals and discounts which makes it even better to invest in commercial real estate.

So, if you are wondering whether you should invest in commercial property in India, here are a few reasons why your answer should be ‘yes’.

1.       Higher Returns on Investment

Multiple times, it has been stated that commercial real estate offers better return on investments than residential real estate.

This is because of its direct connection with the country’s economy. Rising demand for offices, retail spaces and warehouses have always driven the appreciation in the value of commercial properties.

Depending on the location of your property, you can expect year-on-year appreciation anywhere between 3% and 7%.

2.       A Source of Regular Income

Commercial properties not only offer better appreciation in the long run, they also give you regular rental returns.

If you have taken the property solely for investment purpose, you should look for the right location and the type of office/retail spaces in demand.

If you choose the right commercial property, the rental returns could help you reach its costs in only a few years.

3.       More Organized

With the coming of Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) in India, the real estate market has become a lot more organized.

The affects are seen majorly in the commercial real estate segment.

Previously, people were apprehensive about such investments but now the confidence is developing in the market.

4.       Lesser Maintenance Burden

Though there are maintenance costs associated with residential as well as commercial properties, most of it is borne by the tenant in case of commercial ones.

So, despite facing the cost of maintenance, you can pass it on to the tenants and relieve yourself of the burden.

5.       Greater Liquidity

 


Depending on the location of the property, commercial buildings like office spaces and retail spaces enjoy better liquidity.

This is because of the high demand for such properties in areas that have good connectivity and easier access to resources.

On the other hand, residential properties may lie vacant for a long time and even if leased get a lower rental value.


So, these were the 5 main reasons why investing in commercial real estate is a good idea.

When looking for a commercial investment, location should be the first thing to consider. Do not choose a property just because it is within your budget.

Try to understand the future prospects of the property as well as the location. If a location grows into a business hotspot, you will get tremendous returns.

Tax Savings & Commercial Property

Real estate investment has always existed in India. Since the past decade commercial real estate investment has become so popular in the country, especially in Tier-I markets like

Delhi/NCR,
Mumbai,
Bengaluru, and
Pune.

The tax laws in India are also designed to offer relief to the homebuyers but when it comes to commercial real estate, a lot of people do not know much about the taxation around it.

You can save tax on commercial property investment as well. So, let us talk about the tax rules and regulations for commercial property investors.


Taxes on Rental Income from Commercial Property

A lot of investors buy commercial properties to rent it out so that they can earn regular rental income from it. Rental income from any type of property- whether residential or commercial- is categorized under the head ‘income from house property’.

However, if you do not own the said property and are under a sublease agreement, then it will be counted under the category of ‘income from other sources’.

Tax on rental income is calculated on the basis of two main values:

    — The actual rent received by you
    — Deemed Rent of the property as per Municipal Valuation

tax-saving-and-commercial-property

The higher of these two will be considered for the purpose of tax calculation. You should note that a standard deduction of 30% of the rental income is offered to you straight away.

In addition to this, you can avail deduction under Section 24(b) to cover the interest paid on a loan that you may have taken for the construction, extension, repair or reconstruction of your commercial property. A lot of people think that this deduction is allowed only on residential property, but it can also be availed on your let out commercial property.


Taxes on Commercial Property used for Your Own Business or Profession

When you have bought a commercial property and are using it fully or partially for the purpose of your own business or profession, such a portion of the property will not come in your tax purview as an individual but will be counted in the business’s taxation.

Here, you can set off the amount spent on the repair and maintenance of the property against your business income.

Remember that the deduction for home loan principal amount under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act is not applicable to commercial properties. Only residential properties are eligible for this deduction.


Taxes on Profits Earned when you Sell a Commercial Property

 

When you own a commercial property that you are using for your business/professional purposes, and you sell such property, the profits arising out of this will be considered as short-term capital gains.

You can save this tax burden by investing the net consideration of such sale in residential property and get deduction under Section 54F.

Such residential property should be held for more than 24 months. There are certain institutions that issue capital gain bonds; you can invest this profit in such capital gain bonds in order to avail deduction under Section 54EC of the Income Tax Act.


Shown above were the three major categories under which you may wonder about the tax liability.

It is true that the tax benefits are higher on a residential property but by having a smart approach towards taxation and making the right investments at the right time, you can save taxes on your commercial real estate investment as well.